So here I am posting out of the blue, as I have been tapped to help
spread the word about a remarkable woman named Irena Sendler. I must
admit I had not heard of Irene but upon reading this and doing a little
more research myself I felt incredibly moved (and admittedly,
teary-eyed) by her courageous efforts to selflessly help Jews, even at
risk to her own life.
Please take a moment to read her story and reflect on what it is to stand up for someone, or in this case, many people.
The Bravery of Irena Sendler
April 2013 marked the 70th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising
renewing attention on one of the most terrible episodes of the Second
World War. Over the past few years documents have come to light from
hidden archives that shed new light on the ghetto uprising as well as
information about the leaders and other ghetto residents.
Much of the research about the ghetto is conducted by professionals who work out of Yad Vashem,
the U.S. Holocaust Memorial and other well-known centers of Holocaust
scholarship. One remarkable episode was documented by a group of
schoolgirls from the Lowell Milken Center
of Uniontown Kansas who heard a rumor about a Polish non-Jewish woman,
Irena Sendler, who saved over 2500 Jewish children from the ghetto. In
their investigation the girls expanded on the few known details which
resulted in a wide-ranging project that forms the basis for the Life in a Jar
book, website and performance.
Irena Sendler was a young Polish social worker when the Nazis
invaded Poland in 1939. She worked for the Warsaw Department of Social
Services and was assigned to try to help Jews who had been displaced and
impoverished by the Nazi invasion. Simultaneously Sendler joined the
Zagota underground and became active in helping to forge papers for Jews
and find hiding places or go underground.
When the Nazis completed construction of the Warsaw ghetto in 1941
they interned close to a half a million Jews in the three square mile
enclave. Hunger and disease were rampant. Irena Sendler obtained papers
that identified her as a nurse who specialized in infectious diseases.
These papers allowed her to enter the ghetto at will and she began to
bring in food and medicines to the starving people.
Within a short period of time Sendler realized that she could do
more good if she concentrated on what she could take out of the ghetto
-- children. She learned different ways to smuggle the children out of
the ghetto....sedated and hidden under her feet on the tram, stuffed
into toolboxes and luggage, on garbage carts under piles of garbage and
through the sewers and underground tunnels that connected the ghetto
with other parts of Warsaw.
Sendler began to evacuate orphans who were living on the street but
she soon started to contact families, asking them to allow her to take
out their children. This was traumatic, both for the parents, who had to
decide whether their children had a better chance of survival inside or
outside of the ghetto. It was traumatic for Sendler as well. "I talked
the mothers out of their children" Sendler said in an interview
conducted over 60 years after the end of WWII. "Those scenes over
whether to give a child away were heart-rending. Sometimes, they
wouldn't give me the child. Their first question was, 'What guarantee is
there that the child will live?' I said, 'None. I don't even know if I
will get out of the ghetto alive today."
It's estimated that Sendler managed to smuggle over 2500 children
out of the Warsaw ghetto before it was destroyed in 1943. In addition to
the smuggling operation Sendler and her Zagota comrades were
responsible for finding hiding places for the children -- in convents,
orphanages or with sympathetic Polish families. Sendler recorded all of
the names of the children on tissue paper along with their hiding
places, and placed the tissue paper in jars which she buried in her
garden, hoping to reunite them with their families after the war.
In October 1943 Sendler was arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned
in the feared Piawiak prison. The Gestapo tortured her but she didn't
reveal any information about the children's whereabouts or about her
Zagota comrades. The Germans sentenced Sendler to be executed but Zagota
was able to bribe a German guard and secure her release. Sendler lived
out the remainder of the war in hiding.
Sendler was awarded Yad Vashem's Righteous Gentile honor in 1965 but
the Life in a Jar project, begun in 1999, spread the story of her
bravery much further. Today people throughout the world can learn about
Sendler's courage thanks to a group of Kansas schoolgirls and their
social studies assignment.